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高血压如何应对高压高,低压不高

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发表于 2021-3-21 19:31:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
如何应对的很多老年患者在测量血压时发现高压很高,可能达到160~170毫米汞柱,而低压呢并不高甚至偏低50~60毫米汞柱高压与低压相差60毫米汞柱以上,那脉压大是什么原因?应该如何应对呢?要想知道老年人脉压大的原因,首先我们要了解心血管系统产生血压有两个条件,第1个是要有一个不断加压的循环泵及我们的心脏,第2个只需要一个闭合的动脉系统及我们的心血管系统,当心脏收缩的时候,大量血液排向动脉系统血管壁承受了最高的压力,此时血管内的压力叫做。也就是我们通常说的高雅,当心脏舒张时,血管壁承受了最小的压力,此时血管内的压力叫做舒张压,就是我们通常说的低压高压和低压之间的差值叫做脉压,脉压的正常值一般为30~50毫米汞柱,超过60毫米汞柱就算脉压增大,由于正常人的大动脉血管,类似于橡皮管,是有一定的弹性和韧性。所以在心脏快速射穴时,他们会适度的扩张,以缓冲压力,在心脏射血完成后的舒张期,血管回弹把之前的部分扩张时,存储的血流平稳地推向远端,这样高压不至于过高,低压不至于过低,而老年人由于动脉硬化等因素导致大动脉血管弹性也就是顺应性下降,进而导致心脏射血时大血管扩张不起来,血流直接涌入远端。高压升高,心脏舒张时,动脉血管,弹性也无法维持,原本应有的压力造成低压过低,所以就出现了高压高低压低的奇怪现象,除动脉硬化外贫血,甲状腺功能亢进,主动脉瓣关闭不全,高血压也会导致脉压增大脉压大,怎么办呢?对于60岁以上的老年人,脉压是预测其发生心脑血管疾病的良好指标,其意义可能大于单纯的收缩压数值,所以如果您的脉压已经开始变大,说明您的大血管的弹性在下降,离心梗,脑梗等心脑血管疾病比其他人近了一些就需要保养了,虽然根据目前的研究结果,还没有哪一类降压药可以有效地减小卖鸭蛋,您可以采取以下方法保护自己,第一正规医院心内科就诊排查有没有其他原因。质的血压升高,第二改变生活习惯,控制饮食,低盐饮食,减肥减重,戒烟限酒,配合降压药,降脂药物等一系列组合拳,来改善自己的血管弹性,重要的是长期坚持良好的生活习惯以及长期遵医嘱规范化用药
How to deal with many elderly patients who find that the high pressure is very high when measuring blood pressure, which may reach 160-170 mmHg, while the low pressure is not high or even lower than 50-60 mmHg. The difference between high pressure and low pressure is more than 60 mmHg, then What is the reason for the high pulse pressure? How should we deal with it? To know the cause of high pulse pressure in the elderly, we must first understand that there are two conditions for the cardiovascular system to produce blood pressure. The first is to have a continuously pressurizing circulatory pump and our heart, and the second only requires a closed one. The arterial system and our cardiovascular system, when the heart contracts, a large amount of blood is discharged to the arterial system's blood vessel wall and bears the highest pressure. At this time, the pressure in the blood vessel is called. That’s what we usually call elegance. When the heart relaxes, the blood vessel wall bears the least pressure. At this time, the pressure in the blood vessel is called diastolic pressure, which is what we usually call the difference between low pressure, high pressure and low pressure, pulse pressure. The normal value of pressure is generally 30-50 mmHg. If the pulse pressure exceeds 60 mmHg, even if the pulse pressure increases, the large arteries of normal people are similar to rubber tubes and have a certain degree of elasticity and toughness. Therefore, when the heart shoots acupuncture points quickly, they will moderately expand to buffer the pressure. In the diastolic period after the heart ejection is completed, the blood vessel rebound will push the stored blood flow steadily to the distal end when the previous part is expanded. The high pressure should not be too high and the low pressure should not be too low. In the elderly, due to factors such as arteriosclerosis, the elasticity of the large arteries, that is, the compliance decline, will cause the large blood vessels to fail to expand when the heart ejects blood, and blood flow directly into the distal end. When the high pressure rises, the arteries and blood vessels and elasticity cannot be maintained when the heart relaxes. The original pressure caused the low pressure to be too low, so the strange phenomenon of high pressure and low pressure appeared, except for arteriosclerosis, anemia, hyperthyroidism, and aortic valve Insufficiency, high blood pressure will also cause the pulse pressure to increase. What should I do? For the elderly over 60 years old, pulse pressure is a good indicator for predicting the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and its significance may be greater than the value of simple systolic blood pressure. Therefore, if your pulse pressure has begun to increase, it indicates the elasticity of your large blood vessels. In declining, eccentric infarction, cerebral infarction and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases that are closer than others, they need maintenance. Although according to the current research results, there is no type of antihypertensive drug that can effectively reduce the sale of duck eggs. You can Take the following methods to protect yourself, check the cardiology department of the first regular hospital for other reasons. Quality increase in blood pressure, second, change your lifestyle, control your diet, low-salt diet, lose weight, quit smoking and limit alcohol, cooperate with antihypertensive drugs, lipid-lowering drugs and a series of combination punches to improve your blood vessel elasticity. It is important It is the long-term adherence to good living habits and long-term compliance with the doctor’s advice to standardize the use of drugs
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